In descriptions of Tel Aviv often occur reflections about the ideal “first Hebrew city”. A gap between real Tel Aviv and its visionary model is a commonplace. Nevertheless, links between them are plentiful, although they are discussed either with irony or with pathos. The paper gives a cursory review of some of such links.
The Tragedy of the Attentional Commons – In Search of Social Rules for an Increasingly Fragmented SpaceSep 30th, 2015 | By Dirk Nicolas Wagner | Category: Space, and the World as Network, Spatial concepts
The majority of the workforce in the developed world consists of knowledge workers who are confronted with computers in between them. The problem of degradation of the knowledge worker is briefly reviewed, before focus is given to the attention economy as a relevant context for the issue of degradation. The notion ‘atten-tion space’ is introduced and as part of the attention space the ‘attentional commons’ is identified. Based on economic analysis, it is derived that the attentional commons shows properties which are typical for the rise of the so called ‘tragedy of the commons’. The degradation of the knowledge worker is identified as the actual tragedy of the attentional commons. Potential avenues leading to a solution of the tragedy in form of mar-ket-, norms- and organization-based approaches are discussed.
The paper focuses on images of the Negev desert in Israel among the Jewish population of Israel, presented in marketing websites of tourism and leisure resorts. The analysis of the data, focused on verbal and visual images of desert, shows a significant change in the symbolic construction of the desert compared to the first decades of Israeli statehood: from a desert conceived in light of national ideology and its imperatives, to one who’s images highlight consumerism and individual preferences, fantasies and desires. This change in the symbolic construction of the desert is treated as a part of some major changes in Jewish-Israeli collective identity thus pointing towards the link between two social processes: place-making and identity-work.
The State, its Boundaries, and Internationalization – Considerations on the Domestic-Foreign and the Private-Public BoundaryMai 15th, 2014 | By Andreas Vasilache | Category: Spatial concepts, Spatial Cybernetics, Topics
In order to challenge the widespread identification of political inter-, trans-, and supranationalization with the disappearance of boundaries, the following heuristic reflections will concentrate on a few selected phe-nomena and changes of boundaries under conditions of increasing and intensified cross-border politics. While concentrating on boundaries that are constitutive with regard to state theory, the focus lies on par-ticular modes of appearance of these boundaries in times of intensified inter-, trans-, and supranational relations. In doing so, boundaries will be understood as social and political phenomena, while at the same time taking their epistemic significance into account. It should be considered if we are really dealing with the dissolving of traditional boundaries in cross-border politics or rather with the volatility of boundaries, i.e. with flexible boundary lines, whereas the boundary’s political and epistemic quality and function are not necessarily modified or weakened.
The history of human communities in terms of their “border regime” can be considered tripartite. At first, societies saw themselves as unique, and their edges were the end of their world, surrounded by “barbarians”. Under the influence of ever-increasing trade and equalisation of human beings and populations on either side of the edges, the latter have been transformed into national boundaries. This second era is currently in transition to a third epoch, as the continuous globalisation of societies is going along with their atomisation and liquefaction.
As entrepreneurs of ourselves, we are more and more supposed to manage our solitary existence ourselves. Law, clock and money are a tempting basis for this, because they do not prescribe nor prohibit any activity, but simply – and all the more relentlessly – establish a framework for individual action. Their limits progressively supplement collective delineations of human life (birth and residence, gender, religion, profession, etc.).
Even if Durkheim has received wide intercultural acknowledgement as a theoretician of modern sociology, one of his main concepts, the doctrine of collective consciousness, has been severely criticized by Adorno. To the extent, his reading provides evidence of diametrical methodical thinking and of clashing conviction. Nevertheless, there are several arguments which speak in favor of Durkheim: (i) his empirical foundation in connection with the lifelong attempt to provide consciousness a standing on this secondary collective balance; (ii) his awareness of the scaling of representations between distinctive fusion and broader aggregation; (iii) his succinct understanding of their interconnectedness to societal relationships; (iv) his orientation towards non-individualism and polarity. In particular under this aspect one can observe a failure of Adorno himself, merging the dialectical approach with polarity.
Die Rolle politischer Mythen für das moderne ’nation building‘. Wie die Aura deutscher Städte unser Selbstverständnis prägtJun 26th, 2012 | By Timo Heiler | Category: Spatial concepts, Spatial Cybernetics, Topics
The article devotes to the german legends and on the basis of the concrete examples of Weimar, Nuremberg and Dresden the impact of the aura from these cities on modern nation building in the 20th and 21st century will be investigated.
The spatial specificities of SC and ST population in Kolkata city: approaches, techniques and analysisJun 4th, 2012 | By Swasti Vardhan Mishra | Category: Spatial concepts, Spatial Cybernetics, Topics
The paper aims at achieving two objectives, firstly, to acquaint the researchers in the field of spatial demography with the techniques of residential segregation; pattern of population distribution based on the concept of spatial statistics and secondly, the practical evaluation of the techniques through real life data. The study queries about any residential segregation and pattern of location of the scheduled caste (SC) and the scheduled tribe (ST) population in Kolkata city by concentrating on the measures of Entropy Index (EI), Atkinson’s Index, Absolute Centralization Index (ACE) and the Global and Local Spatial Autocorrelation (SA) measures of Moran’s I and LISA. The outcome of the study clarifies the fact that caste and race based segregation is being diluted in the wake of Indian urbanization and the spatial clustering tendency of the Concerned Social Group (CSG) is as mild.
This article studies the idea of rhythm performance and perception as a tool for mobility places studies. Starting from the analysis of H. Lefebvre classification it introduces observer/actor dichotomy that allows to refer to marginal aspects in rhythmanalysis discussion, such as: mobility places, idea of atmosphere, dichotomy of rhythm/improvisation and applicability of rhythmanalysis to the bigger-scale territories. That allows broadening the limits of disciplinary field of “new urbanism”.
This paper was developed from a presentation hold on the annual convention of the department of Humanities and Social Sciences at the Karlsruher Institute of Technology (KIT) in February 2012. Since the beginning of the Bologna Process the controversial issue of students’ time allocation has been occasionally discussed in the scientific community as well as in public media. It is ambiguous how much time students spend for studying and how they get along with their workload. For the first time a research group at the KIT collected and analysed a large scale of data on students’ time allocation, students’ workload as well as motives for studying during the semester break. This paper contrasts ‘time institutions’ of employees like the 40-hour working week with student time structures.