In the 1970s and 1980s two new approaches to an evolutionary explanation of technology emerged: While a new generation of sociobiologists increasingly started to view animal and human artifacts as an ,extended phenotype’ of humankind historians and sociologists of technology found in an evolutionary genesis of technology a third way between technological determinism and a social construction of technology. This evolution of technology seemed able to explain multi-causal coherences in the genesis of technology applicably by using allegedly simple rules.
Posts Tagged ‘ Technological evolution ’
Fortschritt als Fraktur im frühen Science Fiction Film. Metaphorologische Überlegungen zu Auf- und Einbrüchen in LE VOYAGE DANS LA LUNE und LE VOYAGE À TRAVERS L`IMPOSSIBLE von G. MélièsSep 24th, 2009 | By Jörg Hartmann | Category: Mobility, Topics, Transcultural analysis
Fantasies of man travelling into space form a main part of the popular movie genre ‘Science Fiction‘. These celluloid visions are not only fantasies of improving transport, they also convey a meaning in a figurative sense. They can be seen as a modern adoption of one of humanities oldest metaphors, ‘life as a sea fare voyage‘: the meaning, which was once expressed by this ‘nautical metaphor‘, has been transferred and can nowadays be found in films, which show astro-nauts crossing the frontier from known space into the unknown space. In order to conclude on their attitude towards technological progress in the early 20th century, the two oldest space travel movies, Le Voyage dans la Lune (F 1902) and Le Voyage a Travers L’Impossible (F 1904) will be analyzed.
In the aftermath of „The Origin of Species“, several other authors of the 19th and 20th century recommended the application of new-born darwinism on the field of technology. This would happen in a metaphorical way, with the keyword „evolution“ used synonymously for technological development as well as in a more ambitious try to reconcile engineering with natural sciences. At the beginning of the 21st century, the preoccupation with a possible evolution of technology is more topical than ever.